How to write a script for a play –  Part 2

writing a play 2

How to Write a Script for a Play –  Part 2

This is the 2nd part of the CWN series about how to write scripts for a play. Click here to go to the first Part of the CWN series. This is one of many pages on this site with creative writing advice and ideas. Also at the bottom part of the page, you will discover links related to pages about how you can write plays or write a screenplay.

Show the story in speech and action
” Silent tears come down Cinderella’s cheeks just as she removes a very long black hair from Prince Charming’s bedside. The thought of having committed murder burns through her mind just as she flings the hair into the fire. 2 years ago, she caught Prince Charming behind their barn with a maid, and he vowed that he isn’t going to stray again. She chooses to believe him then, but now, she will not be betrayed a 2nd time.”

Sure, but the theater audience can not see any of that.

What can they see? Cinderella leans close to the pillow, then moves to the fire and empties her hand.

* They cannot see the silent tear.

* They certainly cannot see the single strand of black hair.

* They do not know the memories or thoughts that are inside her head.
This is not a film, where cameras can zoom out/in. And also this is not a novel, where a narrator will describe the thoughts of the character or fill up background information (most players have narrators, but I do not advise the use of this option, which really looks old-fashioned).

Instead of the hair, we can have Cinderella find the nightgown of Petunia. Not very subtle, but, the audience will see it.

Or instead of weeping silently, we can have her summon her fairy godmother into her room and tell her about the strand of hair. By turning Cinderella’s thoughts and discovery into speech, we are letting the audience in on them.

As a play witter, your major tools are actions and speech (and by actions, I mean the ones that the audience can possibly see from where they are). Is our Prince Charming a nymphomaniac? Does Cinderella look like a ruthless social climber who’s going to trample on anyone that crosses her path? Think about the actions and words that you will reveal to the audience. Is Cinderella suspicious? Is Prince Charming planning to kill her? Reveal it with actions and words..

How to write a script – Pare it down
Should we include the stepsisters of Cinderella in the play? Or Bring in friends of the Prince? Or The royal army? Or Should we include a subplot with a neighboring kingdom attacking the palace?

Let us think twice before we get things complicated. Instead, we should try and simplify things.

If our play consist of many moving parts, it is going to be very hard for us, the play writer, to be able to successfully manage everything . Having many characters, scene changes and costume changes can make the play be more expensive and very difficult to produce.

How to write a script – Write and rewrite
Most writers take months, even years in developing their ideas, drafting notes, writing profiles of their characters, brainstorming. They always want to know where they are headed before they begin. Many others write as a form of exploring things, discovering their path as they go on. Once they have seen where they might end up, they begin a 2nd draft, and maybe many more drafts, revising it until they’ve gotten it right.

There is never a single writing approach that works for all. But here are some general advice:

* Watch and Read a lot of plays if you have an interest in writing them.

* Write consistently, even if you do not feel inspired. When you sit down in the morning at eight o’clock to write, sooner rather than later, you will get the inspiration. If you begin to wait for inspiration before you pick up your pen, you might have to wait for a very long time.

* Do not expect your 1st draft to be your final. Things never come out well on the first trial. So do not be scared of the blank piece of paper. Write down anything. Then return to improve on it. Reading your draft out loud will assist you to hear where the revision is needed. Are there areas that do not sound natural? Conversations that are too slow? Areas that will be hard for an actor/actress to pronounce or for the audience to comprehend?
If you have followed the 1st piece of advice and you have read lots of plays, that means, you now have a general idea of how scripts look. However, be aware that the format of published plays is a bit different from the formatting that you are going to use for your script. You will find a an in-depth guide to script formatting on playwright Jon Dorf’s site, Playwriting 101.

Or, utilize any free software formatter that you can find. Celtx can be used to format because it has a free editor, used to format stage play scripts. Note that it is set by default to international format, However, if you require American format, you can make changes through settings easily.

How to write a play Part 1 – (healthy for your mind)

writing a play 1

How to Write a Play – Part 1
Here you will discover simple step-by-step tips on how you can write a play, starting from creating your characters to finding the starting point. This is one of the many pages on this website with advice and creative writing ideas. At the bottom part of this page, you will find links to pages related to how you can write screenplays and plays.

How to easily write a play – So, you really want to write plays?
It does not matter, if you do not end up on Broadway, there are so many opportunities you can utilize to experience that thrill of seeing your work being produced on stage, whether in schools, community theaters or any amateur productions. And you never can tell because the sky may be your starting point.
The best way to write plays is to watch and read other plays.
The 1st step in writing down anything is for you to get to know the various forms. If you would like to be a poet then you will have to read more about poetry. If you would like to write thrillers then you should also read thrillers. If you would like to write about fortune cookie fortunes, all you have to do is, go to Chinese dinners. In cases of playwriting, you shouldn’t just read the plays, you should also go and see them perform live on stage. This is very crucial when writing plays that are going to be performed on stage.

Brander Matthews article that was reprinted on suggests that we should see the same play so many times. The idea is that, when you see it for the 1st time, you will only experience it as a member of the audience, getting fascinated by the story. After much repetition, focus more objectively on it, notice different aspects of the play writers technique, as well as observing the reactions of the audience.

You need to know the way theater works. If you draft an 8-hour long drama with about 17 set changes along with live lions on the stage, nobody will arrest you for going against playwriting regulations. Besides, there is a good chance that your script will be produced by nobody.

If you have an interest in writing plays, it might be because you want them performed. In that case, you need to be aware of the practical aspects of the ease and cost of production. To comprehend these factors well, it is a nice idea to volunteer at any local theater that you can find. Look for ways to get backstage and see how things work. This is also a cool way to getting great contacts from the local theater in your community who can also give you positive/negative feedback on your play and also they can assist you in getting it produced.

How to write a play – Come up with a main character
One way to get ideas for your play is to start with a character. Who/ what is your play about? Your chosen character might be created from a combination of real people that you know. Another good strategy used in creating characters is called people-watching. Create lives for the people that you see in grocery stores or in malls. What are you going to call them? What kinds of jobs and homes are you imagining for them? What do you think is the problem that each of the people you are watching is facing? Writing character profiles can go a long way in helping you imagine your characters fully.

How to write a play – Decide on a conflict
Your play must have conflict. Give your characters a huge problem that has to be solved immediately.

Why stir up trouble? Why? Why can’t we just leave your character in peace?

If everything looks perfect in the life of your character, then nothing needs to happen. Happiness is a nice thing to experience, but it is also boring to watch. There is a reason why the saying “Happily ever after” always comes at the end of the story. Cinderella together with Prince Charming wake up late, have a nice breakfast, and take a walk. Sounds nice, right? But nobody will buy tickets to see such a play.

It’s going to be different if it were:

* “They lived Happily ever after not until Cinderella found Prince Charming’s secret lair…”
* ” They lived Happily ever after, except for an extra-marital affair and the violent ending of their love affair …”

Think of the character you invented. What is that very thing that your character desperately needs? What problems might get in his/her way? There’s a conflict for you.

How to write a play – Decide on a beginning point
Let’s say our storyline is about the extramarital affair of Prince Charming. Where is the best place to begin?

  • The birth of Prince Charming.
  • Petunia and Charming’s first kiss
  • The 1st time Prince Charming laid his eyes on his future lover petunia, chambermaid
  • When Cinderella stabs Petunia and Charming to death and throws their bodies into the moat

e. When Cinderella walks in on Charming and Petunia in bed
If we wanted to write a script for the movies and not plays, we might select the fourth option. The movie will begin with a crocodile chewing Charming’s crown of his head, as much as you might take away a scrap of wrapper from bonbon, before you take a bite. However, the film will go back to show the shocked audience how Prince Charming got himself in this bad situation, Prince Charming’s unfortunate transformation from eye candy to crocodile meal.

It is not easy to create flashbacks in plays. Movies and Novels can always jump around effortlessly in time and place, However, if such transitions now become complicated in the theater, where the actors are performing on stage, The Play will most often take a short period of time. For instance,If we’re writing 1000-page novel with all the time we need allocated to us, we should begin with the birth of our Prince Charming, and so on. Mimi, childhood, his first love, Mimi… However, this is just a play and not a novel, and we have limited time to engage the audience.
What is the most interesting part of our story? It could be when Cinderella stabs Petunia and Charming to death. This is the story’s climax, that moment when the conflict of the story reaches its peak. Think of the climax an important element which will determine the way your story will end. After the climax comes and goes, the resolution surfaces, when the dust has settled and the audience has gotten a glimpse of the result – that is, the crocodile feasting on its meal, And Cinderella is seen moving her clothes into Charming’s side of the closet…

If we begin our play at the climax, we will lose our audience. They will only see a crazy princess storming into the bedroom, but they will not know who she’s or why she is there or why they should even care. There won’t be any built-up tension, not even suspense, all they will see will just be a bloodbath in the royal bed, also the play will just be over almost as it has just begun. Instead, what a lot of playwrights do is just to begin the play a little bit before it gets to the climax. The play will begin with a situation that will have lots of tension already built . Petunia and Charming have been messing around for some months now and are planning to poison Cinderella’s tea. Cinderella has discovered that Charming is now less charming unlike before and asks the Fairy Godmother help her spy on him. Now the play begins. Tensions are very high. Tempers are very short. The situation becomes explosive. And the audience gets to enjoy it and watch it all blow up.

This type of mental exercise is both rewarding and great for your mind, it is quite an intense test of your brain, from lots of angles and it needs a clear mind to focus on it, which makes me think of how you can fee your mind of junk that you store there and do not remove unless you actually really think about it and/or do something physical to remove actual junk from your life, which works in 2 ways, it clears your mind and your physical junk. There 2 things are strongly linked, so as a piece of advice, clear out your actual junk from your homes and it will help free your mind. We used a great junk removal company to actually get rid of physical junk.

Part 2 will follow…

What is tooth whitening?

tooth whitening

What is tooth brightening?

Tooth whitening can be an extremely active method for assisting the regular color of your teeth without removing the surface of the tooth. It can’t carry out a complete color improvement; however it may help enhance the current color.

Why might I require my teeth brightened?

There are numerous reasons why you may have your teeth brightened. Everybody is different; and pretty much as our skin and hair color differ, so do our teeth. Few individuals have brilliant-white teeth, and our teeth can also turn out to be more stained as we get older.

Your teeth surface can be discolored by food you eat and beverages, for example, tea, coffee, red wine and blackcurrant. Smoking can likewise discolor your teeth.

“Calculus” or tartar can likewise influence the color of your teeth. A few individuals may have discoloration under the surface, which can be brought on by specific anti-infection agents or by little cracks in the teeth which take up stains.

What does tooth brightening entails?

Professional bleaching is the most normal system for tooth brightening. Your dental team will have the capacity to let you know whether you are suitable for the treatment, and will direct it if you are. To begin with, the dental team will put an elastic shield or a gel on your gums to secure them. They will then apply the brightening item to your teeth, using a specially made plate which fits into your mouth like a mouth-guard.

The major ingredient is typically hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide. As these ingredients are broken down, oxygen gets into the enamel on the teeth and the tooth color is made lighter.

What is the usual duration of this process?

The aggregate treatment should ordinarily be possible within three to four weeks. To begin with, you will require a few visits to the dental practitioner. Your dental team should make a mouth-guard and will take impressions for this at the first appointment. Once your dental team has begun the treatment, you should proceed with the treatment at home. This implies consistently applying the brightening item more than two to four weeks, for 30 minutes to one hour at a time.

Be that as it may, there are presently some new items which can be applied for up to eight hours at a time. This implies you can get a great result in just one week.

 What are the other methods available?

There is presently laser brightening or ‘power whitening’. In this method, an elastic dam is put over your teeth to secure the gums, and a bleaching product is painted on your teeth. At that point a light or laser is shone on the teeth to activate the compound. The light accelerates the response of the brightening product and the color change can be accomplished faster. Laser brightening is said to make teeth up to five or six shades lighter.

How long does chair-side power brightening take?

Your dental practitioner should survey your teeth to verify that you are suitable for the treatment. When it is agreed upon, this technique normally takes about 60 minutes.

 What is the cost of teeth whitening?

Cost varies from practice to practice and area to area. Professional bleaching will be less expensive than Laser or power whitening. We prescribe you get a composed cost estimate before you begin any treatment.

For how long will my teeth stay brighter?

The impacts of brightening are said to last up to three years. However, this will fluctuate from individual to individual. The impact is less likely to last long if you smoke, eat or drink items that can discolor your teeth. Approach your dental team for their opinion before you begin the treatment.

 Any side effect?

A few individuals may find that their teeth get to be highly sensitive to cold during or after the treatment. Others may have uneasiness in the gums, a sore throat or white patches on the gum line. These side effects are generally transitory and ought to vanish within a couple of days after the treatment.

 In the event that any of these symptoms remains, you ought to go to your dental practitioner.

What about home brightening kits?

There are numerous home brightening kits available, including paint-on whiteners and strips. How successful these are, depends on the measure of brightening agents they contain.

Regulations on the sale of these differ from country to country and a percentage of the items available are not active. Continuously approach your dental team for guidance before attempting to brighten your teeth at home.

 What about brightening toothpastes?

There are a few brightening toothpastes available. In spite of the fact that they don’t influence the normal color of your teeth, they may be compelling at evacuating discoloring. Hence, they may enhance the general appearance of your teeth. Brightening toothpastes might likewise help the impact to last, once your teeth have been professionally brightened.

 Will a tooth which has been root filled brightened?

Yes. Once in a while dead teeth go stained after a root filling. In the event that the tooth has been root treated, the canal (which contained the nerve) may be opened again. The brightening item is applied from within to brighten the tooth.

On what instance may tooth brightening not work?

Tooth brightening can only help your existing tooth color. Likewise, it only deals with natural teeth. It won’t work on any sorts of “false” teeth, for example, dentures, crowns and veneers.

If your dentures are stained visit your dental team and request them to be cleaned.

How do I take care of my teeth once they have been brightened?

You can help to keep your teeth white by reducing the level of food and beverages you take that can re-stain your teeth. Keep in mind, ceasing smoking can likewise help avert discoloration and stains.

Healthy Teeth



Nourishment and Healthy Teeth

Specialists concur that kid’s needs nutrient from each of the classes of nutrients for proper growth and to stay sound. Excessive intake of carbohydrate, sugars (e.g. from cake, candies, cookies, milk, and many other sugary nourishments and drinks), starches (for instance, potato chips and pretzels) and savory foods, can bring about tooth rot. When carbohydrate stays on the teeth for an extended time, this is the fundamental cause of tooth rot.

Tips for choosing and eating nourishments more fortifying to your kid’s teeth:

  • Always have enough fresh vegetables and fruits in your home – to serve as “healthy food snacks” – rather than starches. Pick products of the soil with a high water volume, for example, melons, cucumbers, celery and pears. Bananas and raisins should be limited, as these have concentrated sugar in their content, or urge your kids to brush after these organic fruits are taken.
  • Cheese should be served alongside lunch or served as snacks. Cheese, particularly Monterey Jack, Swiss, cheddar and other aged cheeses aids to trigger saliva flow, which assists in washing off particles from teeth.
  • Keep-off from sticky, chewy food substances.granola bars, dried figs, Raisins, cereal or nutty spread treats, jam beans, caramel, nectar, syrup and molasses, when stuck to the teeth becomes difficult for them to be washed away by saliva. In the event that your kid takes these sorts of items, have them brush-up their teeth just after eating.
  • Sugary treats should be served with meals and not served as snacks.Just in case you plan giving your kids sweets, it’s best if you give them as deserts immediately after the dinner. There’s generally an increased measure of saliva in the mouth during meal-time, making it simpler to wash away substances from the teeth. Mealtime refreshment additionally serves to flush away particles of food on teeth.
  • Get the kids used to eating few snacks. The recurrence of taking snacks is much more imperative than the amount consumed. The duration in-between meals allow saliva wash away particles that would have been feasted on by bacteria. Incessant taking of snacks without brushing shortly after, gives consistent fuel to sustain bacteria, which prompts plaque development and tooth rot. It is however imperative that snacks be reduced to one or two a day, after which the teeth should be properly brushed after consumption
  • Abstain from sugary foods which stick on the teeth. hard candies ,Candies, mints and cough drops all add to tooth rot on the grounds that they persistently sugar-coat the teeth
  • Buy nourishments that are without sugar or unsweetened. Meals that contain the sugar substitute xylitol might really help in the fight against cavities.
  • Never put your child to bed with a jug loaded with milk, recipe, juice, or pop. In the event that your infant needs a jug at sleep time, fill it with plain water.
  • Offer your kids plain water rather than juice or pop. Squeezes, soft drinks, and even drain contain sugar. Water does not hurt the teeth and helps in washing ceaselessly any food particles that may be sticking to teeth.
  • Include great sources of calcium in your child’s eating routine for solid teeth. Great examples are milk, broccoli, and yogurt.

More tips:

  • If your kid mulls over gum, urge him or her to pick xylitol-sweetened or sugar-free gum. Xylitol has been proven to decrease the measure of bacteria in the mouth and the biting activity helps build the stream of saliva.
  • Use fluoride and brush and floss your child’s teeth. The most ideal approach to forestall tooth rot is to utilize fluoride toothpaste consistently. The fluoride remains inside the tooth to turn around the rot. Brush your kid’s teeth at least twice every day and after every meal or snacks if possible. On the off chance that brushing between dinners is unrealistic, then rinse the mouth with water as much as possible. Floss your kid’s teeth at least once per day, to help uproot particles in-between the teeth and underneath the gum line.
  • Be sure to brush your kid’s teeth immediately after giving him or her prescribed drugs. Drugs, for example, hack syrups contain sugar that microorganisms in the mouth utilize to make acids. These acids can gradually eat off the enamel- the defensive top layer of the tooth.
  • Regularly visit your dentist. Your kid ought to make his or her first visit to the dental practitioner by age 1 or within six months of the first tooth getting through the gums. Getting routine dental checkups will likewise help discover any uprising dental issues early.

Why is a healthy eating routine essential for my oral well being?

Each time you take in anything sugary, your teeth are under corrosive assault for up to 60 minutes. This is on the grounds that the sugar will respond with the microscopic organisms in plaque (the sticky covering on your teeth) and produce dangerous acids. So it is essential to have sugary foods or beverages exactly at mealtimes, constraining the measure of time your mouth is at danger.

Acidic food substances and beverages can be pretty much as dangerous. The corrosive “disintegrates” or breaks up the polish, uncovering the dentine underneath. This can make your teeth hyper sensitive and unattractive.

An eating regimen that is rich in vitamins, minerals and fresh fruits and vegetables can help to avert gum diseases. Gum ailment can cause awful breath and even tooth loss. The diagram below is a decent example of what you ought to eat as a major aspect of a healthy and balanced eating routine.

 What nourishments can bring about rot?

All sugars can bring about rot. Sugar can come in several forms. Normally ingredient sending in “ose” are sugars, for instance: sucrose, fructose and glucose are three forms. These sugars can all harm your teeth.

Numerous prepared foods have sugar in them, and the higher up it shows up in the rundown of ingredients, the more sugar there is in the item. Continuously read the rundown of ingredients on the labels when you are food shopping.

Remember when you are reading the label that ‘no included sugar’ does not so much imply that the item is sugar-free. It basically implies that no additional sugar has been included. These items may contain sugars, for example, those recorded above, or the sugars may be termed ‘carbohydrates’

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